Top 10 Endangered Animals

By endangered animals we mean those species whose lives are under constant threat. If not kept a check, they will soon join the extinct animals’ list. The reason behind the animals getting endangered are mostly illegal hunting for the animal hides, skins, bones, tusks etc. there are certain environmental factors also that is causing endangerment. These factors include loss of habitat, change in climate conditions etc. The prime animals dominate the top position in the endangered list are:

Black-Rhino

  • Black Rhino – Enlisted by the IUCN as critically endangered, this particular species of rhinoceros is found in the eastern and central areas of Africa. Although referred to as ‘black’ the colour scheme varies from grey to brown. These animals are herbivorous by nature and love to feed on leafy vegetation. These include leaves, branches, thorny bushes and fruits. These animals are mostly hunted for their horns. These rhinos are mostly one horned, but a second horn might grow. These animals are poached for their horns. These horns in ancient times were used for medicinal purposes, but nowadays it used for illegal trading. A lot of sanctuaries have come up in Africa to safe guard these rhinos.
  • Asian Elephant – The Asian Elephant as listed by IUCN has reduced to half of its total population over the last three generations. The Asian elephants are the only species of elephants that are found in Asia. The major threats faced by these animals in the loss of habitat as more and more forests are chopped down. The other reason for their death is the poaching that occurs. An elephant tusk is extremely precious and is of great demand.  A lot of under hand dealing occurs, while leads to the death of the poor soul. A lot of preservation techniques is now being adopted to save these elephants.
  • The Royal Bengal Tiger – Found in selected regions of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and India, IUCN has classified it under the category of endangered species. A recent survey has shown that only 1411 royal Bengal tigers remain. These tigers are targeted for their skin and claws. It looks quite beautiful when you wear a necklace made of the tiger claws. This does not mean that we should encourage these illegal hunting. Even the other body parts of the tiger are in great demand. A lot of laws have been passed to safeguard the tigers. Biosphere reserves have been set up.
  • Beluga Sturgeon – It is a species of anadromous fish belonging to the sturgeon family. Commonly found in the Caspian Sea and Black Sea basins and also in the Adriatic Sea. Sturgeon is a Russian word meaning white, so in a lay man’s term it is a white Beluga whale. These fishes are greatly used in making caviar. It is a world class delicacy. This is one of the reasons for this fish to become endangered. Since it is critically endangered, the cost of Beluga Caviar has also gone up.
  • Black Buck – It is an antelope species found in the Indian subcontinent. Black bucks are found all over India – Maharashtra, Punjab, Orissa, Haryana, Gujarat etc. During the 19th century and the 20th century, black bucks were the most hunted wild animal in India. The main demand for this species is their antelope. Ace cricketer Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi was cased for killing a black buck. Thus, in order to save these animals, many conservation sites are coming up all across India.

Black-Buck

  • Alligator Snapping Turtle – It is considered as one of the largest fresh water turtles in the world. It is the largest fresh water turtle found in North America. These turtles are in great demand all across the globe; they fall in the category of exotic pets. These animals are hunted for their carapaces; the plastron is valued as it is cross shaped. It has been listed under the endangered species list by IUCN. And in many countries like Illinois, fishing of this species is banned.
  • Hawksbill Turtle – It is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the Cheloniidae family. The physical appearance of this animal is similar to that of the other marine turtles. It is found predominantly in the coral reefs of Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. Down the ages, Hawksbill Turtle has been of great importance to humans as it is a world class delicacy. Thus, the rate of these turtles is decreasing at an alarming rate.

Hawksbill-Turtle

  • Chinkara – This is species of gazelle found in South Asia. It is mostly found in parts of India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Iran. This species are on the verge of getting extinct due to constant hunting for food by the carnivores like Asiatic cheetah.
  • Green-Cheeked Parrot – It is a small parrot found in the jungles of South America. It is captured by local hunters and sold as decorative pets, but not everyone knows how to look after birds. Thus, the number has gone down.
  • Mako Shark – Shortfin Mako Shark, popularly known as a mako shark is a large mackerel shark. It is found in the temperate and tropical sea worldwide. It is widely consumed as a sea food worldwide. This is leading to the endangerment of this species.

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