26th January 1950-Marks the birth of the Indian Constitution. A day that every Indian must cherish! Each year ‘Republic Day’ is celebrated with grandeur to commemorate the sovereignty of our nation. The Indian Constitution is the Supreme law that defines the fundamental rights and duties of every Indian citizen. It also lays down the norm within which a government institution is expected to function. With 450 articles in 24 parts, 12 schedules, 96 amendments and 1,17,369 words, this is one of the longest written constitutions.
Dr. Ambedkar, visionary behind framing the constitution, headed the drafting committee as its chairman. The institution was a result of assembly meets that took place over a period of 2 years (166 days). With the signature of 308 assembly members the constitution came into effect on 26th January 1950. India became sovereign, secular and democratic while assuring justice, equality and liberty to its citizens.

Republic Day celebrations are held annually at the national capital, New Delhi. The President of India pays tribute to the martyrs of freedom struggle before commencing the celebrations. The chief guest is welcomed following which the flag hoisting ceremony is held. This year’s Guest of Honor is the first Women Prime Minister of Thailand-Yingluck Shinawatra. On this occasion medals of honour are awarded to the brave hearts from the Armed Forces who have exhibited exceptional courage as well as to the civilians for their gallantry. The Army, Navy and Air Force showcase power in their respective finery. Spectacular display of regional and cultural diversity of India adds colour to the celebration. The quintessence of being a republican country is reflected through this quote:

“India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most astrictive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!”


As the citizen of a sovereign nation, let us all pledge to fulfill our fundamental duties (which many of us are not aware of but should be!) as stated in the Indian Constitution:

  • To abide by the Constitution of India and respect its ideal, institutions, National Flag and the National Anthem.
  • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  • To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  • To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
  • To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  • To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures.
  • To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
  • To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
  • To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.

The exemplary vision of Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam is close to becoming a reality with India making tremendous progress in every perspective. India will definitely be looked upon as a superpower in the near future. With heads held high, take great pride in saying                                                                                                                                          “Saare Jahan Se Acha Hindustan Hamara”!




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