The Amazing Amazonia

The Amazon rainforest is one of the largest rainforests in the world and well known for the resources we use it at home! And because it is vegetarian, the trees in the forest continuously recycle carbon dioxide in oxygen. Due to this reason, many researches and studies, it is also given a name of ‘lungs of the planet’. Studies also reflect that the Amazon Rainforest produces about 20% of oxygen on earth.

The name Amazon came from The Amazon River, which also happens to be the world’s longest river! 28 billion gallons of water flows every minute through the Atlantics; it dilutes the salinity of the ocean about more than 100 miles offshore. The Amazon rainforest and the river are undoubtedly home to most amazing and varied species on earth. In fact, the Amazon makes up to the list of most unique and unseen species alive on earth. Facts and figures show that 1/5th of world’s plants are found here and around 1/10th of the world’s animals and living creatures make their living in the Amazon.

The Amazon Rainforest comes from the basin of The Amazon River and its many other tributaries. Amazonia receives about 9 feet of rainfall every year; a part of it retrieves to back to the atmosphere through the flora and fauna. Between June and October, the water level rises from 30-45 feet. The Amazonia is so large that it covers half of Brazil. Facts depict that the canopy or the covering of the Amazon is less studies than the ocean floor. So, scientists believe that the canopy consists half of the world’s species and 1/3rd of the world’s birds live in the Amazonia. Over 500 mammals, 175 lizards and about 300 other reptile species are found here.

As read earlier, The Amazon is home to many species. So, the animals and plants have found their own ways and methods to defend their selves and not get eaten by other species. Here, competition of survival is fierce! The Amazonia consists of four layers of communities, each layer with diverse ecosystems, plants and animals. They are exposed to various seasons from time to time and fluctuations in temperature as well. Some of the animals find everything for their survival in the various layers of the Amazonia and they never leave it.

Native people have used the various plants and herbs for cure of diseases like AIDS, cancer and diabetes. Although 25% of drugs are resultants of the Amazonia, scientists have tested only 1% of the tropical plants. The Amazonia has also turned out to be a very good spot for travelers and tourists. Adventurous activities like trekking are canoeing are a major option overnight at the Amazonia.

 

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About Maniesh Menghani

extrovert. live-wired. NGO/social activist, literally. budding film-maker. film critique. musician. photographer [not a photoshop believer]. event organizer. reader. writer. explorer. traveler. not an anna supporter.

moreover, an enigma, trying to discover self! :)
All Best!

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