Independence Day.

“Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high…

…in that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake. ”

                                                                                                                               Rabindranath Tagore

The people of India, after decades of slavery, breathed the air of freedom on 15th August, 1947.  Since then, we all have been celebrating 15th August as our Independence Day every year. The entire nation participates in the celebrations. Flag hoisting ceremonies, parades, orchestra of patriotic songs, etc. are some of the common celebrations of 15th August. Many citizens of the nation loyally attend the flag hoisting ceremonies and the parades. Some do it as a part of their duty, while others do it for the sake of the sense of patriotism. Even so, how many of us really know the background of this day? There is a history, a struggle behind this day. Let us know more about our Independence Day…

independence day

History of India’s Independence:

The Indian Independence Movement witnessed many efforts, campaigns and missions, which were mostly militant and political. The first war of Independence was the agitation against the rule of the British East India Company. Though the legends of this time openly challenged the British rule, they failed to succeed. Rani Laxmibai fought bravely, but lost her life. Nevertheless, this agitation is considered as the first war of Indian Independence. The freedom fighters continue their struggle. The first war of Independence was then followed by Swadeshi Movement (1905), Jalianwalabagh Massacre (1919), Non co-operation Movement (1920), Poorna Swaraj declaration by Congress (1929), Civil Disobedience Movement (1930), and the Quit India Movement (1942).  Our nation saw heroes like Mahatma Gandhi, S.C. Bose, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Bhagat Singh, Lokmanya Tilak, and hundred others playing with their lives for the sake of their country’s freedom. Women of those times did no less. They gave their blood for the nation thoughtlessly. Some of the legendary women freedom fighters who still continue to inspire us are Sarojini Naidu, Aruna Asaf Ali, and Indira Gandhi among many others.

15th August 1947:

British partitioned the country into two independent dominions, India and Pakistan. Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag and gave the famous speech of “Tryst with Destiny”, which embarked as the beginning words of the free India. Our National Flag was born on July 22, 1947, with Nehruji’s words, “Now I present to you not only the Resolution, but the Flag itself”. This flag was first hoisted at the Council House on August 15, 1947.

Celebrations, today:

The Independence Day is one of the three national holidays. Every year, on the eve of Independence Day, i.e., 14th August, the Prime Minister addresses the entire nation, paying a tribute to the freedom fighters. The speech is telecasted nationally. On 15th August, the Prime Minister hoists the Flag at the Red Fort, New Delhi. It is followed by singing of the National Anthem and a march past by the Indian Army, and the parliamentary forces. The same ceremony is followed by all the other states of the country, where the CM of the state performs all these duties.

The schools, colleges, government and non-government institutions in every part of the country organize flag hoisting ceremony, followed by other small ceremonies. Many young enthusiasts volunteer for others these days, organizing blood donation camps, adoption awareness camps, etc.

Let us all celebrate our Independence Day by saluting our heroes. Today, let us all pledge to respect and serve our nation. Let us all respect our National Flag and the National Anthem. Let us all attend the Flag hoisting ceremony. Let us all pledge to contribute towards making our country a better place.

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