How to avoid Heat-related illnesses in summer?

There are quite a few illnesses that are caused mainly due to exposure to heat.  These heat illness include conditions such as heat cramps, heat syncope, heat exhaustion which are temporary and minor conditions. But these could also lead to Heat stroke which is a severe and life threatening condition caused by body exposure to high temperature of the environment. Now that the summer is here and it seems to be hotter than ever, we need to take these conditions seriously and start taking precautions.


Heat Stroke happens when our body temperature is higher than 40.6 °C (105 °F) caused by environmental heat exposure. Factors such as dehydration, intense physical activities in hot and humid weather can contribute to this factor. Heat stroke mainly happens to infants, elderly, outdoor workers and athletes in hot weather.

Heat Stroke Symptoms – Symptoms of heat Stroke and quite similar to those of Heart attack. Usually a heat stroke starts with a minor condition known as heat exhaustion and its symptoms include; Nausea, Vomiting, Fatigue, Weakness, Headache, Muscle cramps and pain, dizziness etc. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should hydrate immediately and go to a cool place. If the symptoms continue you should go to a hospital immediately.

Here are some of the other heat stroke symptoms: –

  • High body temperature
  • No Sweating with hot, red and dry skin
  • Rapid pulse
  • Hallucinations
  • Strange behavior
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Confusion
  • Agitation
  • Disorientation
  • Seizure
  • Coma

As mentioned earlier Heat-related illnesses are fatal and they should be taken seriously. In order to avoid heat stroke and other such conditions it is best to take precautions. Here are some remedies to avoid heat stroke: –

  • Avoid going out in the summer heat
  • Stay Hydrated at all time by drinking 2 cups of water every half an hour (Drink as much water as you can)
  • Avoid exercising and physical activities outdoors in a hot day
  • Do not stay under direct sun light or other heat sources
  • Use Air conditioning or fans
  • Clothing: lightweight, light colored, loose fitting
  • Avoid drinking alcohol, coffee, tea
  • Have light meals
  • Start drinking Lemonade

Treatment –

  • Drink cool fluids
  • Stay in cool air conditioned spaces
  • Spray water on yourself and fan
  • Have food that is rich in the following minerals; calcium, magnesium, potassium

Note: All these home remedies are only for informational purposes and they are not substitutes for professional medical advice.




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About Behrooz Mihankhah

Musician, Writer, Traveler, film lover :)


  1. Cosmetics Makeup says:

    all your tips to keep self free from summer illness , are nice one..and i found them useful also.

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